Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Asia: Hi everyone, and welcome back to RomanianPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner Season 1 Lesson 3 - Are Romanian Watermelons Expensive? Asia Here.
Mihai: Bună. I'm Mihai.
Asia: In this lesson, you’ll learn numbers and how to communicate about prices. The conversation takes place at an open air market.
Mihai: It's between Masanobu and a salesperson.
Asia: The speakers are strangers in a customer service context, therefore, they will speak formal Romanian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Masanobu: Bună ziua, vreau să cumpăr un pepene verde. Cât costă unul?
Vânzător: Acesta de trei kilograme costă trei lei.
Masanobu: Cât este aceasta în euro?
Vânzător: Înseamnă cam șaizeci de cenți euro.
Masanobu: Oh, așa de ieftin?!
Vânzător: Da, în România pepenii verzi sunt foarte ieftini.
Asia: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Masanobu: Bună ziua, vreau să cumpăr un pepene verde. Cât costă unul?
Vânzător: Acesta de trei kilograme costă trei lei.
Masanobu: Cât este aceasta în euro?
Vânzător: Înseamnă cam șaizeci de cenți euro.
Masanobu: Oh, așa de ieftin?!
Vânzător: Da, în România pepenii verzi sunt foarte ieftini.
Asia: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Masanobu: Hello, I'd like to buy a watermelon. How much is one?
Salesperson: This 3 kilogram one is 3 lei.
Masanobu: How much is that in euro?
Salesperson: That means about 60 euro-cents.
Masanobu: Wow, so cheap?!
Salesperson: Yes, watermelons are very cheap in Romania.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Asia: Wow, that really is cheap! I’m as surprised as Masanobu! Other than cheap watermelons, what is shopping like in Romania?
Mihai: Things started to change a lot in the late 90s and the beginning of the 2000s after Romanian changed from a socialist republic into a democracy.
Asia: How did it change?
Mihai: Before, the most common places to shop were open air markets, local shops, and department stores.
Asia: Today, the most popular places are supermarkets.
Mihai: The largest ones are known as hypermarkets.
Asia: Okay. Are sales staff in Romania chatty? Do they like to make small talk?
Mihai: It’s quite common, but usually with younger staff.
Asia: I noticed in the conversation that the Romanian currency isn’t the Euro, despite Romania being in the European Union.
Mihai: That’s right. The switch to the Euro has been delayed a few times and is still several years away.
Asia: So what is the currency in Romania?
Mihai: It’s the leu, which literally means “lion.” Don’t worry, there are no lions in Romania! The name comes from an old Dutch currency.
Asia: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Asia: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Mihai: bun [natural native speed]
Asia: good
Mihai: bun[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: bun [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: zi [natural native speed]
Asia: day
Mihai: zi[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: zi [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: să [natural native speed]
Asia: to
Mihai: să[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: să [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: a cumpăra [natural native speed]
Asia: to buy
Mihai: a cumpăra[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a cumpăra [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: pepene verde [natural native speed]
Asia: watermelon
Mihai: pepene verde[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: pepene verde [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: a costa [natural native speed]
Asia: to cost
Mihai: a costa[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a costa [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: ieftin [natural native speed]
Asia: cheap
Mihai: ieftin[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: ieftin [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: a însemna [natural native speed]
Asia: to mean, to signify
Mihai: a însemna[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a însemna [natural native speed]
Asia: And lastly...
Mihai: foarte [natural native speed]
Asia: very
Mihai: foarte[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: foarte [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Asia: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is...
Mihai: Bună ziua!
Asia: meaning "Hello!" What can you tell us about this?
Mihai: The first word bună is an adjective and means "good." Ziua is a noun and means "day" in English.
Asia: So this is a greeting used during the daytime.
Mihai: Yes, you can use it from noon until the sun sets.
Asia: And this is formal, right?
Mihai: Yes. You should use it in formal situations, with people older than you or with teachers, supervisors, people like that.
Asia: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say, E frumos să dai bună ziua.
Asia: ...which means "It's nice to say hello."
Asia: Okay, what's the next phrase?
Mihai: Cât costă?
Asia: meaning "How much is it?" What can you tell us about this phrase?
Mihai: The first word cât is an adverb. It means "how much."
Asia: The second word sounds very similar to the English “cost.”
Mihai: It does, doesn’t it? It comes from the verb a costa, which does mean “to cost.”
Asia: So you can use this phrase to ask for the price of something.
Mihai: Right.
Asia: Can you give us an example?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say, Nu știu cât costă cartea aceasta.
Asia: ...which means "I don't know how much this book costs."
Asia: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Asia: In this lesson, you'll learn about numbers and communicating about prices.
Asia: Let’s start by looking at cardinal numbers. These are numbers that express an amount or a quantity.
Mihai: Cardinal numbers are always placed before the noun they are counting, just like in English.
Asia: Numbers in Romanian are pretty straightforward, but the number “one” has a few rules.
Mihai: We use unu when the cardinal is used to express the number itself, without determining any noun.
Asia: So if we just want to say “the number one,” we use that.
Mihai: We use un to express the quantity of a noun.
Asia: So “one book” or “one table.”
Mihai: The numbers one and two also have both masculine and feminine forms.
Asia: Which one you use depends on the gender of the noun.
Mihai: The other numbers from three to ten only have one variation, so none of these rules apply.
Asia: What are the numbers from three to ten?
Mihai: Trei, patru, cinci, șase, șapte, opt, nouă, zece.
Asia: How do we use these numbers to talk about prices?
Mihai: You just put the number before the currency. You can also use costă to say “it costs.”
Asia: How do we say ”It costs 2 lei?”
Mihai: Costă doi lei. You can also use costă to ask how much something is.
Asia: For example, “how much does the bread cost?”
Mihai: Cât costă pâinea? Another useful question might be Cât înseamnă în euro?
Asia: “How much is it in Euros?” Yes, that might come in handy!
Mihai: We said in the last lesson that the difference in formal and informal speech in Romanian is mainly vocabulary, not grammar.
Asia: That’s right. Shall we look at some more examples of this?
Mihai: Sure. In the dialogue we had the word acesta.
Asia: This is the formal word for the male “this.”
Mihai: The informal version is ăsta.
Asia: We’ve already discussed the formal and informal versions of “hello,” but there are a few more words in the lesson notes, so check them out!

Outro

Asia: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Mihai: La revedere.

17 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

RomanianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

How much is watermelon in your country? Tell us in Romanian!

RomanianPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 6:21 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Bună Bernice,


Mulțumim pentru comentarii.

We are glad that you enjoy the lessons :).

Did you want to ask ”Cât costă o mașină în România?”/ ”How much is a car in Romania?” ?

If yes, although I am currently not familiar with car prices in our country, the prices certainly depend on a variety of factors like the different types of cars, if they are new or second hand, etc.

Thank you for learning Romanian with us and good luck with reaching your goals!


Sincerely,

Patricia

Team RomanianPod101.com

Bernice G Dumitru
Saturday at 6:06 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Cat costa pentru un masina in Romania?

Bernice G Dumitru
Saturday at 5:57 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Imi plac acesta lectiii in limba Romana conversationala.

RomanianPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 2:54 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Zeke,


Thank you for your comment and question.


”Una” is sometimes used to express the number itself, but it is not generally used to determine a noun, like the other cardinal numbers. In this case ”o” is the generally accepted form for feminine nouns.

E.g. We generally say o bucată de pâine= a piece of bread and not una bucată de pâine.


About the second "aceasta", it refers to the abstract concept "that" ("How much is THAT in euro?"). In this case, "that" is expressed using the feminine "aceasta" in Romanian.

I hope this answers your question.


Sincerely,

Patricia

Team RomanianPod101.com


Zeke
Saturday at 4:47 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Cardinal Number Table:

Should row 1 be:

1 unu / un una /o one / a


Just a thought.


Also, the 2nd Aceasta is feminine because euro is feminine?

RomanianPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 2:04 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Bună, Kody


Mulţumesc pentru comentariu.

That is more expensive than in Romania. I guess it's proportionate to general prices in the UK, isn't it.


Cheers,

Mihai

Team RomanianPod101.com

RomanianPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 2:01 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Bună, Mary


Thank you for your comment.

Deci (So), în California pepenii verzi nu sunt ieftini.


Cheers,

Mihai

Team RomanianPod101.com

RomanianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 1:00 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Stefano,


Thank you for your question about "acesta" vs. "aceasta" in the dialogue. The first one does indeed refer to "pepene", which is masculine, as you mentioned. However, the second one ("aceasta") refers to the abstract concept "that" (i.e. "How much is THAT in euro?"). In this case, "that" is expressed using the feminine "aceasta" in Romanian.

I hope this answers your doubt.


Cheers,

Mihai

Team RomanianPod101.com

Kody Roberts
Sunday at 10:08 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

În Anglia, pepeni verzi sunt în jur de 3 £

Mary Heffron
Saturday at 2:17 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Pepene verzi nu sunt ieftini in California.