Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Dana: Hi everyone, and welcome back to RomanianPod101.com. This is Beginner Season 1 Lesson 24 - Offering an Apology in Romanian. Dana Here.
Mihai: Bună. I'm Mihai.
Dana: In this lesson, you’ll learn about apologizing. The conversation takes place in the living room.
Mihai: It's between Mihai and Masanobu.
Dana: The speakers are friends; therefore, they will speak informal Romanian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Mihai: Îmi cer scuze că te-am călcat pe coadă ieri.
Masanobu: M-ai călcat pe coadă?
Mihai: Ah, e o expresie în română. Înseamnă "a deranja pe cineva."
Masanobu: Ah, te referi la întrerupere. Nu e nicio problemă.
Mihai: Mă bucur să aud.
Dana: Listen to the conversation one more time slowly.
Mihai: Îmi cer scuze că te-am călcat pe coadă ieri.
Masanobu: M-ai călcat pe coadă?
Mihai: Ah, e o expresie în română. Înseamnă "a deranja pe cineva."
Masanobu: Ah, te referi la întrerupere. Nu e nicio problemă.
Mihai: Mă bucur să aud.
Dana: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Mihai: I'm sorry I stepped on your tail yesterday.
Masanobu: You stepped on my tail?
Mihai: Oh, it's a Romanian idiom. It means "to trample on someone's toes."
Masanobu: Oh, you mean the interruption. Don't worry!
Mihai: I'm glad to hear that.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Dana: How are Romanians at resolving conflict? Do they shy away from it, or attack it head on?
Mihai: Romanians come from a Latin bloodline, so they’re passionate and have strong opinions.
Dana: Ah, so I’m going to guess that they don’t shy away from conflict then!
Mihai: No, Romanians can be quick to anger when conflict arises.
Dana: What should our listeners do if they find themselves in an argument while they’re in Romania?
Mihai: Be patient, and let the situation burn itself out. If you’re reasonable, people won’t hold a grudge against you.
Dana: Are there any topics that can especially lead to anger?
Mihai: Yes, be careful when talking about a Romanian person’s family, and never make fun of them.
Dana: Do you have any other tips?
Mihai: When conflict arises with friends, you might find that they will bring up issues from the past. That’s because Romanians often bottle-up problems.
Dana: Ah, so it builds up and then all comes out at once. How should this be dealt with?
Mihai: Again, have patience and be willing to communicate.
Dana: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Dana: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: a-și cere scuze [natural native speed]
Dana: to be sorry
Mihai: a-și cere scuze[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a-și cere scuze [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: a călca [natural native speed]
Dana: to step
Mihai: a călca[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a călca [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: coadă [natural native speed]
Dana: tail
Mihai: coadă[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: coadă [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: expresie [natural native speed]
Dana: idiom
Mihai: expresie[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: expresie [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: a însemna [natural native speed]
Dana: to mean
Mihai: a însemna[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a însemna [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: a deranja [natural native speed]
Dana: to disturb
Mihai: a deranja[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a deranja [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: întrerupere [natural native speed]
Dana: interruption
Mihai: întrerupere[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: întrerupere [natural native speed]
Dana: And last..
Mihai: a (se) bucura [natural native speed]
Dana: to be glad
Mihai: a (se) bucura[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a (se) bucura [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Dana: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: a călca pe coadă
Dana: Meaning "to trample on somebody's toes."
Dana: This is an expression.
Mihai: It is made from the verb a călca, meaning “to step,” the preposition pe, meaning “on,” and finally coadă.
Dana: This is a feminine noun that means “tail.” It literally means “to step on tail,” but has the same meaning as the English expression “to trample on somebody’s toes.”
Mihai: This is a pretty informal expression.
Dana: You use it when someone did something that offended another person.
Mihai: In a more formal setting, you should use something like a supăra, which means “to upset.”
Dana: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. S-a simțit călcat pe coadă după atâtea ironii primite.
Dana: ..which means "He felt trampled on (his toes) after all the irony he had received."
Dana: Okay, what's the next word?
Mihai: a se referi la ceva
Dana: Meaning "to mean something."
Mihai: First is the reflexive verb a (se) referi
Dana: This means “to refer.”
Mihai: Then the conjunction la "to," and the indefinite pronoun ceva.
Dana: Which means “something.” The phrase is literally “to refer yourself to something.”
Mihai: It is used to highlight the subject of an informing action.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. Când am zis că nu mai pot, m-am referit la faptul că mi-e somn.
Dana: .. which means "When I said I cannot anymore I meant that I was sleepy."
Dana: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Dana: In this lesson, you'll learn about apologizing.
Dana: Let’s start with the most basic way to apologize - “I’m sorry.”
Mihai: In Romanian this is Îmi cer scuze, and it is one of the most common apologies.
Dana: It can be used in cordial conversations when the problem is unintentional.
Mihai: Usually, you say Îmi cer scuze, and then follow it with a reason. Often, we use pentru (că), too
Dana: This means “for” or “that.” Let’s hear a couple of examples.
Mihai: Îmi cer scuze pentru întârziere, am fost prins în trafic.
Dana: “I am sorry for being late, I was stuck in traffic.”
Mihai: Vai, îmi cer scuze că v-am vărsat cafeaua.
Dana: “Oh, I am sorry I spilled your coffee.” Now, let’s move on to “excuse me.”
Mihai: This is a more formal apology... vă rog să mă scuzați.
Dana: You mostly use this with strangers.
Mihai: You don’t have to give a reason with this, as the person you’re apologizing to usually knows the situation.
Dana: However, it’s also used when talking to service staff, as a way of apologizing for disturbing their routine.
Mihai: Yes, that’s a special case.
Dana: Let’s hear it in action.
Mihai: Ups, v-am lovit din greșeală, vă rog să mă scuzați.
Dana: “Oops, I hit you by mistake, please excuse me.”
Mihai: Vă rog să mă scuzați, puteți să-mi spuneți unde găsesc legumele?
Dana: “Please excuse me, can you tell me where I can find the vegetables?” Finally, let’s hear a few more verbs and phrases that we can use to express our regret.
Mihai: First is regret.
Dana: “Regret,” itself.
Mihai: A good phrase to remember is nu-i nici o problemă
Dana: “There’s no problem.”
Mihai: Also nu vă faceți griji
Dana: “Don’t worry about it.”
Mihai: You might also need nu a fost intenția mea să…
Dana: “It wasn’t my intention to…”

Outro

Dana: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Mihai: La revedere.

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Is there a common idiom in your language that refers to interrupting someone?