Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Becky: Hi everyone, and welcome back to RomanianPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 14 - Finding Your Way Round Romania. Becky here.
Mihai: Bună. I'm Mihai.
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn about adverbs of time. The conversation takes place downtown.
Mihai: It's between Masanobu and a lady on the street.
Becky: The speakers are strangers, so they’ll speak formal Romanian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Masanobu: Nu vă supărați, îmi puteți spune unde este Muzeul Național de Istorie?
Femeie pe stradă: Da, pot. Mergeți drept înainte cam 500 (cinci sute) de metri.
Masanobu: Vă mulțumesc.
Femeie pe stradă: Stați, încă nu am terminat!
Femeie pe stradă: Apoi o luați la stânga și este imediat în față.
Masanobu: Am înțeles. Vă mulțumesc mult!
Becky: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Masanobu: Nu vă supărați, îmi puteți spune unde este Muzeul Național de Istorie?
Femeie pe stradă: Da, pot. Mergeți drept înainte cam 500 (cinci sute) de metri.
Masanobu: Vă mulțumesc.
Femeie pe stradă: Stați, încă nu am terminat!
Femeie pe stradă: Apoi o luați la stânga și este imediat în față.
Masanobu: Am înțeles. Vă mulțumesc mult!
Becky: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Masanobu: Excuse me, can you tell me where the National Museum of History is?
Lady on the street: Yes I can. Go straight for about 500 meters.
Masanobu: Thank you.
Lady on the street: Wait, I'm not finished yet.
Lady on the street: Then make a left, and it's right in front.
Masanobu: I understand. Thank you very much!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Becky: Can you tell us a little about the National Museum of History?
Mihai: It’s one of the most prestigious museums in Romania.
Becky: Where is it?
Mihai: Victoriei Avenue, one of the central arteries of the city, adjacent to the Old City Center.
Becky: What type of exhibits can you see there?
Mihai: There are many old artifacts with beautiful, awe-inspiring background stories.
Becky: Sounds like it’s worth a visit! What other museums would you recommend?
Mihai: I like the Village Museum in Bucharest.
Becky: What’s the highlight of that museum?
Mihai: It’s set up like an actual village, with real, traditional houses from across Romania.
Becky: Yeah, that’d be interesting to visit! When’s the best time of the year to go to museums?
Mihai: Probably during the Night of Museums. This is a UNESCO supported event that is usually held in May. The museums are free to enter.
Becky: Cool. Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Becky: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Mihai: muzeu [natural native speed]
Becky: museum
Mihai: muzeu[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: muzeu [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have...
Mihai: național [natural native speed]
Becky: national
Mihai: național[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: național [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have...
Mihai: istorie [natural native speed]
Becky: history
Mihai: istorie[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: istorie [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have...
Mihai: a sta; a aștepta [natural native speed]
Becky: to stay; to wait
Mihai: a sta; a aștepta[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a sta; a aștepta [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have...
Mihai: apoi [natural native speed]
Becky: then
Mihai: apoi[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: apoi [natural native speed]
Becky: And last...
Mihai: mult [natural native speed]
Becky: much, a lot
Mihai: mult[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: mult [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Becky: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is...
Mihai: Îmi puteți spune...?
Becky: Meaning "Could you tell me...?" Can you break this phrase down for us?
Mihai: Îmi is a first person singular personal pronoun in its dative form. It means "to me."
Becky: What do the other words mean?
Mihai: Puteți means "you can," and spune means "to tell."
Becky: You can use this phrase to politely ask someone to give you information.
Mihai: This is formal, but if you replace puteți with poți, it becomes informal.
Becky: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say, Îmi puteți spune unde este Piața Victoriei?
Becky: ...which means "Could you tell me where Victoriei Square is?"
Becky: Okay, what's the next word?
Mihai: stați!
Becky: meaning "wait!" What can you tell us about this word?
Mihai: Usually, stați means “stay,” but in this case it means “wait.”
Becky: You can use this to stop someone from leaving.
Mihai: Or, if they’re about to do something that you don’t want them to do.
Becky: It sounds very direct. Is it a rude expression?
Mihai: No, it’s fairly polite, although it does sound direct.
Becky: Can you give us an example using this word?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say, Stați un moment, vă rog.
Becky: ...which means "Please wait a second."
Becky: Okay, what's the next phrase?
Mihai: Vă mulțumesc mult!
Becky: Meaning "Thank you very much!" Can you break this phrase down for us?
Mihai: Vă is a pronoun in the dative case, and it means "to you."
Becky: The second word seems familiar to me. I think we saw this in lesson 1.
Mihai: We did, well remembered! It means “thank you.” In this case it is acting as a verb. Finally is the adverb mult, meaning "a lot."
Becky: This phrase can be used to say “thank you” in a more polite way.
Mihai: If you want to show how thankful you are without being formal, you can drop the first word and say mulțumesc mult.
Becky: Can you give us an example using the formal phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say, Vă mulțumesc mult pentru explicațiile acordate.
Becky: ...which means "Thank you very much for your explanation." (lit.: "Thank you for the given explanations.")
Becky: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Becky: In this lesson, you'll learn about adverbs of time.
Becky: Now, we’ve spoken about adverbs of time before in this series, in lesson 11.
Mihai: That’s right. This time, we’ll look at adverbs of time used to talk about a series of events.
Becky: First, we will look at “yet.” What is “yet” in Romanian, Mihai?
Mihai: It is încă. We can use it in a sentence with nu and a verb.
Becky: So, it should be used with negative verbs. Does it matter if the verb is first or last?
Mihai: No. You can put încă before the negative verb or after it.
Becky: Do you have an example sentence? Let’s hear two sentences - one with the verb first and one with the verb after the adverb.
Mihai: Okay. Nu are încă înscriși.
Becky: “He doesn’t have subscribers yet.”
Mihai: Încă nu știu când începe.
Becky: “I don’t know yet when it will start.” Next, let’s look at the word “then.”
Mihai: This is apoi in Romanian.
Becky: What’s the sentence pattern for “then?”
Mihai: First is the main clause, followed by apoi, followed by the secondary clause. However, like in English, the main clause can be a separate sentence.
Becky: Let’s hear an example. Can you give us an example where the main clause and secondary clause are in the same sentence?
Mihai: Sure! Termin de învățat, apoi mă culc.
Becky: “I will finish studying then go to sleep.” Finally, we’ll look at the adverb “at once.”
Mihai: In Romanian, this is imediat. Again, it can go before or after the verb.
Becky: Does the meaning change if “at once” goes before or after the verb?
Mihai: When imediat is before the verb, it emphasizes the adverb.
Becky: So it puts emphasis on it being “right away.”
Mihai: Yes, that’s right. For example, Te rog să vii imediat!
Becky: “Please come at once!”
Mihai: Imediat sosesc!
Becky: “I’ll arrive right away!”

Outro

Becky: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Mihai: La revedere.

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