Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Dana: Hi everyone, and welcome back to RomanianPod101.com This is Beginner Season 1 Lesson 18 - How Likely is Rain Today in Romania? Dana Here.
Mihai: Bună. I'm Mihai.
Dana: In this lesson, you’ll learn expressions of various levels of certainty. The conversation takes place at a cafe.
Mihai: It's between Masanobu and Andreea.
Dana: The speakers are friends; therefore, they will speak informal Romanian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Masanobu: La știri se spune că mâine s-ar putea să plouă.
Andreea: Sau s-ar putea să fie însorit.
Masanobu: Cum așa?
Andreea: În România uneori prognozele sunt greșite.
Masanobu: Nu am știut! Dar acum suntem în Japonia.
Andreea: Da, așa este. Probabil că ai dreptate.
Masanobu: Să luăm umbrelele astăzi!
Andreea: Bine.
Dana: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Masanobu: La știri se spune că mâine s-ar putea să plouă.
Andreea: Sau s-ar putea să fie însorit.
Masanobu: Cum așa?
Andreea: În România uneori prognozele sunt greșite.
Masanobu: Nu am știut! Dar acum suntem în Japonia.
Andreea: Da, așa este. Probabil că ai dreptate.
Masanobu: Să luăm umbrelele astăzi!
Andreea: Bine.
Dana: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Masanobu: They said on the news that tomorrow it might rain.
Andreea: Or it might be sunny.
Masanobu: How so?
Andreea: In Romania, forecasts are sometimes wrong.
Masanobu: I didn't know. But now we are in Japan.
Andreea: Yes, that's correct. I guess you're right.
Masanobu: Let's take the umbrellas today.
Andreea: Fine.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Dana: What is the media like in Romania? Is there freedom of the press?
Mihai: It’s protected by the constitution, but in practice that isn’t always the case.
Dana: Why not?
Mihai: Because financial insecurity, business interests and political implications can affect it.
Dana: I think that’s the case in many parts of the world, still. What type of media is popular in Romania?
Mihai: TV is still the most popular. People are quite particular about the shows and hosts that they like.
Dana: How about the radio? Is that popular?
Mihai: Yeah, some people listen during their commute, others listen online to hear their favorite songs.
Dana: I’m glad that you mentioned the internet. I wanted to ask if it was popular with the youth of Romania?
Mihai: Definitely. Young people use it to stay in contact with the rest of the country and the world.
Dana: It’s also a lot easier to only see the content that you chose to, too.
Mihai: Yeah, that’s another thing young Romanians like.
Dana: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Dana: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: la știri [natural native speed]
Dana: on the news
Mihai: la știri[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: la știri [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: a spune [natural native speed]
Dana: to say
Mihai: a spune[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a spune [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: a ploua [natural native speed]
Dana: to rain
Mihai: a ploua[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a ploua [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: însorit [natural native speed]
Dana: sunny
Mihai: însorit[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: însorit [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: cum [natural native speed]
Dana: how
Mihai: cum[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: cum [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: așa este [natural native speed]
Dana: that's right
Mihai: așa este[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: așa este [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: prognoză [natural native speed]
Dana: forecast
Mihai: prognoză[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: prognoză [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: greșit [natural native speed]
Dana: wrong
Mihai: greșit[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: greșit [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: a avea dreptate [natural native speed]
Dana: to be right
Mihai: a avea dreptate[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a avea dreptate [natural native speed]
Dana: And last..
Mihai: umbrelă [natural native speed]
Dana: umbrella
Mihai: umbrelă[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: umbrelă [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Dana: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Mihai: Nu am știut
Dana: Meaning "I didn't know."
Mihai: This is the verb a ști meaning "to know," used in first person negative form simple past.
Dana: Basically, it means “I didn’t know.”
Mihai: You can use it to show your surprise about something you didn’t know.
Dana: Are there other ways to express this?
Mihai: You can use the imperfect tense to show more surprise nu știam.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. Nu am știut că veniți azi.
Dana: ..which means "I didn't know you were coming today."
Dana: Okay, what's the next word?
Mihai: A avea dreptate.
Dana: Meaning "to be right."
Mihai: This expression comes from the verb a avea.
Dana: Meaning “to have.”
Mihai: And then there is the noun dreptate.
Dana: This means “righteousness.” It literally can be translated as "to have righteousness," but we use it to say “to be right.”
Mihai: We use it to talk about a situation where someone is right about something they said or did.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. Mihai mereu se bucură când are dreptate.
Dana: .. which means "Mihai always enjoys himself when he is right."
Dana: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Dana: In this lesson, you'll learn about expressions of various levels of certainty.
Dana: Let’s start by looking at “it might.”
Mihai: This is an expression made from the impersonal verb a se putea.
Dana: This means “can,” and is in reflexive form, conditional mood and third person singular form.
Mihai: Following a se putea is a verb in infinitive or conjunctive.
Dana: You can use it to talk about a possibility or something ambiguous.
Mihai: For example, S-ar putea ca planul lui să nu meargă.
Dana: “His plan might not work.”
Mihai: Nu s-ar putea să rămânem fără bani?
Dana: “Could we run out of money?”
Mihai: S-ar fi putut pierde orice speranță de salvare.
Dana: “Any hope of salvation could have been lost.” There are many more examples and forms in the lesson notes.
Mihai: Another useful word is sigur.
Dana: Meaning “surely.” It can either be used as an adjective or an adverb in Romanian.
Mihai: The negative alternative is nesigur, for the adjective.
Dana: Meaning “uncertain, insecure, doubtful”
Mihai: And nu e sigur is the adverbial structure.
Dana: “It is not sure.” Let’s hear an example sentence.
Mihai: Sigur va veni cu noi.
Dana: “He will surely come with us.”
Mihai: Nu e sigur cine a făcut asta.
Dana: “It is not sure who did this.” Finally, let’s look at “it’s likely that…”
Mihai: This is the adverbial structure Probabil că...
Dana: It is used to express that a specific fact is probable.
Mihai: We can make it negative by using nu, meaning “not.”
Dana: You can also add in other words to show how more or less probable something is.
Mihai: Yes, to make phrases such as foarte probabil că…
Dana: “it is very likely that…”
Mihai: Or foarte puțin probabil că
Dana: “It is less likely that..” Let’s finish this lesson by hearing a sentence example.
Mihai: Probabil că mâine va veni Mihai la noi.
Dana: “It is likely that Mihai will come tomorrow to us.”

Outro

Dana: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Mihai: La revedere.

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