Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Bună tuturor! Sunt Raluca. Hi everybody! I’m Raluca.
Welcome to RomanianPod101.com’s Româna în 3 minute. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Romanian.
In the last lesson, you learned how to use the verbs a fi, meaning “to be” and a avea, meaning "to have," in the negative form.
In this lesson, you will learn about Romanian adjectives and how to use them properly.
You will see that Romanian adjectives are a little bit different from English.
So the basic rule in order to use adjectives correctly is that in Romanian, adjectives always have to agree with the subject that they are qualifying, whether it is singular or plural and masculine or feminine.
Let’s start with an example – Este un prieten amuzant. This means "He is a funny friend."
[slowly] Este un prieten amuzant.
Here the subject prieten is a masculine singular word, so the adjective amuzant is also in the masculine singular form.
Now, let’s use the same adjective with a feminine subject.
Este o fată amuzantă. "She’s a funny girl."
Here we have to add the vowel ă to make the adjective feminine.
Here are a few more examples to show the difference between the masculine and feminine forms.
Rotund is the masculine for "round", whereas rotundă is the feminine.
Înalt is the masculine for "tall", whereas înaltă is the feminine.
Negru is the masculine for "black", whereas neagră is the feminine.
Delicios is the masculine for "delicious", whereas delicioasă is the feminine.
There are however, some exceptions like eficace, meaning “effective” and vivace meaning “lively”. In these cases the same word has both genders, and you don’t have to change the last vowel.
Have you got the hang of it? Now let’s take a look at how to switch an adjective from singular to plural.
Basically the rule is to add an i for masculine and an e for feminine at the end of the adjective to make it plural.
For example, Prietenul meu este amuzant. means "My friend is funny", so if you make it plural, the adjective is the same plus the additional i - Prietenii mei sunt amuzanți, which is "My friends are funny.” Don’t forget to add the i to the end.
Let’s see more examples to practice this switch:
curat/curați
curată and curate
Meaning “Clean”
deștept and deștepți
deșteaptă/deștepte
Meaning "Smart"
amabil and amabili
amabilă amabile
Meaning “Kind”
zgomotos and zgomotoși
zgomotoasă and zgomotoase
Meaning “noisy”
Now it’s time for Raluca’s Insights.
How do you say “full”, “trendy”, or “fast - food” in Romanian? Don’t panic because you know the correct answer! In Romanian, these adjectives have exactly the same pronunciation, spelling, and meaning as in English because we borrowed them from English!
In this lesson, you learned how to properly use adjectives in Romanian.
Next time, you’ll learn the basic uses of the verb a merge, which is "to go." I’ll be waiting for you in the next Româna în 3 minute lesson.
Pe curând! See you soon!

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Friday at 06:30 PM
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Can you make a sentence using an adjective?