Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Asia: Hi everyone, and welcome back to RomanianPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner Season 1 Lesson 4 - Don't Lose Track of the Time in Romania! Asia Here.
Mihai: Bună. I'm Mihai.
Asia: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask and give the time. The conversation takes place at Bucharest’s Old City Center.
Mihai: It's between Masanobu and a man on the street.
Asia: The speakers are strangers, therefore, they will speak formal Romanian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Masanobu: Nu vă supărați, îmi puteți spune cât este ceasul?
Om pe stradă: Desigur. Acum este nouă și jumătate.
Masanobu: Vă mulțumesc. De fapt, nu știți la cât închide librăria Cărturești?
Om pe stradă: Ah, cred că închide la zece fără un sfert.
Masanobu: Vă mulțumesc mult pentru ajutor.
Om pe stradă: Cu plăcere.
Asia: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Masanobu: Nu vă supărați, îmi puteți spune cât este ceasul?
Om pe stradă: Desigur. Acum este nouă și jumătate.
Masanobu: Vă mulțumesc. De fapt, nu știți la cât închide librăria Cărturești?
Om pe stradă: Ah, cred că închide la zece fără un sfert.
Masanobu: Vă mulțumesc mult pentru ajutor.
Om pe stradă: Cu plăcere.
Asia: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Masanobu: Excuse me, can you tell me what time it is?
Man on the street: Sure, right now it is 9:30.
Masanobu: Thank you. Actually, do you know what time the Carturesti bookstore closes?
Man on the street: Oh, I think it closes at 9:45.
Masanobu: Thank you very much for your help.
Man on the street: You're welcome.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Asia: Masanobu was looking for a bookstore. Is reading actual books still popular in Romania?
Mihai: Of course, digital books are widely available but yes, paper books are still popular!
Asia: Masanobu mentioned a bookstore by name. Is that a chain or a famous store?
Mihai: Cărturești is a popular bookstore that has two stores in Bucharest, including one inside the Old City Center.
Asia: It must be popular with tourists!
Mihai: It is!
Asia: Do bookstores just sell books?
Mihai: No, you’ll usually find vinyl stands, CDs, gifts, and maybe a teahouse or coffee shop.
Asia: Sounds like a must-visit store if you’re interested in those things. As well as asking for the bookshop, Masanobu also asked a passerby for the time.
Mihai: Yes, you might need to do that if you don’t have a watch or a phone with you. You should always use formal language in this situation, even if it is someone younger than you.
Asia: How about distance? Should you keep a bigger distance between you and the other person, as they are a stranger?
Mihai: I would recommend it!
Asia: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Asia: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Mihai: a se supăra [natural native speed]
Asia: to mind; to get angry
Mihai: a se supăra[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a se supăra [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: a spune [natural native speed]
Asia: to tell; to say
Mihai: a spune[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a spune [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: cât [natural native speed]
Asia: how much
Mihai: cât[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: cât [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: ceas [natural native speed]
Asia: watch; clock
Mihai: ceas[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: ceas [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: desigur [natural native speed]
Asia: sure, of course
Mihai: desigur[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: desigur [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: jumătate [natural native speed]
Asia: half
Mihai: jumătate[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: jumătate [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: librărie [natural native speed]
Asia: bookstore
Mihai: librărie[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: librărie [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: fără [natural native speed]
Asia: without
Mihai: fără[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: fără [natural native speed]
Asia: Next we have...
Mihai: sfert [natural native speed]
Asia: quarter
Mihai: sfert[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: sfert [natural native speed]
Asia: And last...
Mihai: ajutor [natural native speed]
Asia: help
Mihai: ajutor[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: ajutor [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Asia: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is...
Mihai: Nu vă supărați.
Asia: meaning "Excuse me." What can you tell us about this phrase?
Mihai: Vă supărați is the polite conjugation of the verb a se supăra, which means “to get angry.” Nu usually means “no.”
Asia: You can use this expression to get someone’s attention in a polite way, so it’s similar to the English “excuse me.”
Mihai: Nu vă supărați is the polite version, used when addressing someone older than you.
Asia: What’s the informal version?
Mihai: nu te supăra. You can use this with peers you’re not yet friends with or don’t speak to that often.
Asia: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say, Te superi dacă nu mergem azi?
Asia: ...which means "Do you mind if we don't go today?"
Asia: Okay, what's the next word?
Mihai: Desigur!
Asia: meaning "Of course!" What can you tell us about this word?
Mihai: This is an adverb and is a standalone word.
Asia: And it means “surely” or “of course.”
Mihai: You can use it when you want to confirm something in a polite way.
Asia: How would you confirm things with friends?
Mihai: You can just say da, meaning “yes.”
Asia: Can you give us an example using the word for “of course?”
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say, Desigur, putem merge mâine.
Asia: ...which means "Sure, we can go tomorrow."
Asia: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Asia: In this lesson, you'll learn about asking and giving the time.
Asia: First things first, how do we say “What time is it?”
Mihai: We can say Cât este ceasul? This literally means “how much is the watch/clock?”
Asia: Really? Can you break down the sentence for us?
Mihai: Cât means “how much.” Este is “it is.” And ceasul means “the watch” or the “the clock.”
Asia: So if someone asks us how much our watch is, they’re really asking for the time!
Mihai: Yes! Don’t get confused!
Asia: Can we hear it used in a formal sentence?
Mihai: Mă scuzați, îmi puteți spune cât este ceasul?
Asia: “Excuse me, could you tell me what time it is?” And also an informal one.
Mihai: Scuze, cât e ceasul acum?
Asia: “Sorry, what time is it now?” Now let’s look at how to say the time.
Mihai: To say “half past” in Romanian, we use the words for “half” and “and.”
Asia: Which are…?
Mihai: “Half” is jumătate. “And” is și.
Asia: How do we put those together with a time to say “half past?”
Mihai: First we have the number for the hour, then și, then jumătate.
Asia: Let’s hear it in a sentence. How do we say “Now, it is half past five?”
Mihai: Acum este ora cinci și jumătate.
Asia: So that’s half past. How about “quarter to?”
Mihai: For that, we need the words for “quarter” and “without.” Those are sfert and fără, respectively. But, we also need un before sfert.
Asia: Let’s hear it all together in a sentence.
Mihai: Este ora nouă fără un sfert.
Asia: This is a formal sentence meaning “It is a quarter to nine o’clock.”
Mihai: E nouă fără un sfert.
Asia: This is an informal sentence meaning “It is a quarter to nine.”

Outro

Asia: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Mihai: La revedere.

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Are teahouses popular in your country?