Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Basic Bootcamp Season 1, Lesson 2 - Basic Romanian Phrases with the Verb "to be"
INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I’m Eric, and welcome back to Basic Bootcamp, Lesson 2 - Basic Romanian Phrases with the Verb "to be"
Mihai: Salut! I'm Mihai, and thanks again for being here with us for this Basic Bootcamp lesson.
Eric: In this lesson, you will learn how to introduce yourself and use the verb to be
Mihai: Which is A fi
Eric: ...in basic simple phrases.
Mihai: This conversation takes place in a classroom in Romania.
Eric: It’s between Julie and Paul.
Mihai: The speakers will be using informal language.
Eric: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Julie: Bună, sunt Julie. Sunt franţuzoaică.
Paul: Bună, sunt Paul. Sunt american.
Eric: Let’s listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Julie: Bună, sunt Julie. Sunt franţuzoaică.
Paul: Bună, sunt Paul. Sunt american.
Eric: Now with the English translation.
Julie: Bună, sunt Julie. Sunt franţuzoaică.
Julie: Hello, I am Julie. I am French.
Paul: Bună, sunt Paul. Sunt american.
Paul: Hello, I am Paul. I am American.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Mihai, which nationalities do you think are interested in learning Romanian?
Mihai: It really varies. I'd say that obviously countries bordering Romania tend to learn Romanian. And I am referring more to the Romanian communities from Bulgaria, Serbia, Ukraine, Hungary, Israel, and Italy.
Eric: It's interesting to see the variety of people who learn Romanian.
Mihai: Yes, it's quite a spread-out community. From Asia to Alaska...I once met a person from Mauritius who spoke Romanian!
Eric: Really?
Mihai: Yes, he graduated his studies in Romania, then he went back to Mauritius, and from time to time he and his wife visit Romania.
Eric: Wow! So, Julie from our dialogue is French.
Mihai: Yes, she is franţuzoaică.
Eric: And Paul "is American,”
Mihai: Este american.
Now what you need to know is that in Romanian, nationalities have genders.
Eric: Yes, depending on if you're a man or a woman, it sometimes changes the end of the word.
Mihai: For example, let's take "American." If Eric says "I am American," it will be…
Eric: Sunt american.
Mihai: But if a girl says "I am American," it will be sunt americancă.
Eric: Did you hear that the end of the word was modified because it was feminine?
Mihai: That's because the feminine form of “American” takes -că at the end, so the last syllable sounds different. The masculine form usually takes an -n at the end and the feminine forms always have ă at the end.
Eric: What about franţuzoaică? Does the female form also take a -ca at the end?
Mihai: No, it’s a little bit different…The masculine form is francez and the feminine form is franţuzoaică. As you might notice, almost the entire word has changed.
Eric: Can you explain to us why?
Mihai: Of course. I’ll explain the easy way. The old Romanian way of saying “French man” is franţuz. By adding -oaică at the end, we have franţuzoaică.
Eric: So the feminine form remained the same over time.
Mihai: Yes. Well, we could also say franceză, but this word is more used for describing something as being French. For example, “French language,” in Romanian is limba franceză.
Eric: You said many Romanians study French as well.
Mihai: Yes, quite a lot of them. So a Romanian man would say sunt român, and a woman would say sunt româncă. Again, a -că at the end usually indicates a feminine word.
Eric: There are exceptions as we already mentioned, but don't worry about them just yet.
Mihai: Okay, why don't we take a closer look at these nationalities in the vocabulary section?
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Okay, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. First we have.
Mihai: sunt [natural native speed]
Eric: I am
Mihai: sunt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: sunt [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Mihai: franţuzoaică[natural native speed]
Eric: French
Mihai: franţuzoaică [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: franţuzoaică [natural native speed]
Eric: And last..
Mihai: american [natural native speed]
Eric: American
Mihai: american [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: american [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Mihai: In Romanian, there are no actual rules that can make you guess the word for a nationality.
Eric: Even if I know the name of the country in Romanian?
Mihai: Yes, even if you know the name of the country. I mean, it's more or less logical, but there's no solid rule.
Eric: But right now we're making it sound like it's super difficult when it's actually not that hard.
Mihai: No. I guess the best way to find out what the nationality is, when you have the name of the country, would be to look it up!
Eric: You'll get there eventually. In this lesson, we saw two different ways of saying a nationality in Romanian.
Mihai: Yes, we saw american/americancă.
Eric: It ends with the letter -n for the masculine and -ca for the feminine
Mihai: Then we saw franţuzoaică. It ends with an -oaica and the masculine form is francez.
Eric: Hmm, that's a lot to remember, and we haven't even started the grammar part...
Mihai: The grammar is really easy here, don’t worry!

Lesson focus

Eric: So, if you've listened to our first Bootcamp lesson, you already know about sunt, meaning "I am." Let's look at it in closer detail.
Mihai: Yes, "I am" or eu sunt is the conjugated form of the verb "to be", a fi. Last time, we saw that in order to say "I am Mihai," it was sunt Mihai.
Eric: Well, you can use it to say anything about yourself! For example, "I am American"
Mihai: That would be sunt American for a male or sunt americancă for a female.
Eric: Easy!
Mihai: Yes, remember that Eu, meaning "I," is used only for emphasis. So usually you simply say sunt american, which literally means "am American," rather than "I am American." The listener understands who you are talking about from the context. It really is easy!
Eric: Can you give me an example?
Mihai: Yes. If you would want to emphasize that you are French, you can add "I," eu. So we get Eu sunt franţuzoaică.
Eric: Oh, I see, so that sounds a little exaggerated?
Mihai: Yes, you'd be better off with a simple sunt franţuzoaică.
Eric: Okay, now we're going to talk about the word order in Romanian sentences.
Mihai: A Romanian simple phrase is formed by a subject, a predicate, and a compliment.
Eric: We must know that in Romanian grammar, a predicate can be nominal or verbal.
Mihai: A nominal predicate is formed by copulative verb plus a predicative noun and a verbal predicate is formed by a verb. Predicative nouns are a group of words that form together with a verb to make the predicate.
Eric: Why is it important to know this, Mihai?
Mihai: The verb a fi, which we have talked about before, can form both types of predicates, so in order to make simple phrases with the verb a fi, we must know the grammatical form of Romanian phrases.
Eric: Alright, so let’s give examples of simple phrases with the verb “to be” in Romanian.
Mihai: For example, Eu sunt franţuzoaică
Eric: Meaning “I am French”
Mihai: Here, the subject is Eu and the nominal predicate is sunt franţuzoaică. The next example is Eu sunt american
Eric: Meaning “I am American.”
Mihai: The subject is Eu and the nominal predicate is sunt american.
Eric: That is easy!
Mihai: When the verb a fi has the meaning of “to exist” , “to situate oneself”, “to locate oneself”, “to live”, “to happen”, or “to go”, it forms a predicate by itself.
Eric: That sounds a little bit complicated. Do you have an example?
Mihai: For example, Sunt la nord.
Eric: “I am in the north”
Mihai: If we rephrase this, we can say “I am situated in the north”.
Eric: Oh, I understand now. It’s not that difficult after all. What about simple phrases without the verb “to be”? Do all the Romanian verbs form the two types of predicates?
Mihai: No. Most of the verbs form verbal predicates only. In this case, the simple phrases will have the following structure - Subject + predicate + complement.
Eric: For example?
Mihai: Eu mănânc un măr. - Eu is the subject, mănânc is the verbal predicate, and un măr is the complement, also called the object.
Eric: That's easy I think. And it means “I am eating an apple.”
Mihai: Okay, it's time to wrap up...
Eric: Why don't we wrap by you telling us that you're Romanian?
Mihai: That’s Sunt român. It probably won't be used by you guys...
Eric: But you’ll probably hear it a lot in Romania!

Outro

Eric: That just about does it for this lesson.
Eric: Premium members, use the review track to perfect your pronunciation.
Mihai: Available at the website,
Eric: and through iTunes via the premium feed,
Mihai: the Review Track gives you vocabulary and phrases followed by a short pause so you can repeat the words aloud.
Eric: It's the best way to get good at speaking Romanian fast!
Eric: Okay.
Eric: Thanks for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time.
Mihai: Bye! La revedere!

33 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

RomanianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Listeners! Where are you from? Try answering in Romanian!

RomanianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:17 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Joe,


Thank you for posting!


We hope to see you often at RomanianPod101.com!


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team RomanianPod101.com

Joe B.
Friday at 1:33 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

PS. Just wanted to add :


Mulţumesc foarte mult!


😉Joe B. 🗽


👌😎

Joe B.
Friday at 1:28 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Bunã, Team!


Mã numesc Joseph, sunt american.

Eu locuiesc în Massachusetts de când m-am născut.


I would very much like to someday be fluent in Romanian.

Thank you so much for your guidance!


With warmest regards,

😉 Joe B. 🗽


👌😎

RomanianPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 8:20 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Bernice,


Thank you for your feedback. We are always working on improving our materials, and your opinion is highly valuable!


If you have any questions, please let us know!


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team RomanianPod101.com

Bernice G Dumitru
Saturday at 9:40 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

My head is spinning. The explanation was more complicated than the usage. Sunt Bernice. Sunt Americanca. 😳

RomanianPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 9:12 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi 张艺兴老婆,


Nice to meet you!


Please let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team RomanianPod101.com


张艺兴老婆
Thursday at 8:27 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Bună ziua!Sunt chineză.😉

RomanianPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:49 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Maria,


It's nice to meet you!


Looking forward to seeing you often here.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team RomanianPod101.com

MariA
Tuesday at 4:00 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Bună ziua, mă numesc Maria, sunt mexicancă!


RomanianPod101.com
Sunday at 9:18 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Bună, Dave,


Ce mai faci?

Thank you for sharing! We are glad that you are learning Romanian here with us! :)

Just a few corrections:

If you want to say ”I live in the north part of the Sheffield city” you can say: ”Eu locuiesc în partea de nord a orașului Sheffield”.

”Daniela is Romanian” would be ”Daniela este româncă.”

Let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Patricia

Team RomanianPod101.com