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Lesson Transcript

Basic Bootcamp Season 1, Lesson 5 - Counting from Twenty to One Million in Romanian
INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, Eric here, and welcome back to RomanianPod101.com. This is Basic Bootcamp Lesson 5, Counting from Twenty to One Million in Romanian.
Mihai: Bună ziua! I’m Mihai!
Eric: In this lesson, you will learn about numbers and counting from twenty to one million in Romanian.
Mihai: We are still in our wine bottle factory.
Eric: Wait, aren’t we counting stars like in the last lesson? That’s more exciting than bottles!
Mihai: I know you like joking, but let’s just say that the production in our factory got faster. Now our character has to count by tens and hundreds for her inventory!
Eric: That's quite a lot of bottles. So in this conversation, someone is doing the inventory and counting items. Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Mihai: Douăzeci, treizeci, patruzeci, cincizeci, şaizeci, şaptezeci, optzeci, nouăzeci, and o sută!
Eric: Let’s listen to the conversation one more time slowly.
Mihai: Douăzeci, treizeci, patruzeci, cincizeci, şaizeci, şaptezeci, optzeci, nouăzeci, and o sută!
Eric: Now with the English translation.
Mihai: Douăzeci, treizeci, patruzeci, cincizeci, şaizeci, şaptezeci, optzeci, nouăzeci, and o sută!
Eric: Twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety, a hundred!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Mihai, I noticed that all of these have the same ending except “one hundred.”
Mihai: Yes, from twenty to ninety. They all end in zeci which literally means “tens”. So basically, what you do is to put the words for one to nine in front of zeci. And you can count by tens.
Eric: Oh, that sounds very easy, but I remember hearing a Romanian student read the years out loud. Like 1978 [read the number in English].
Mihai: You mean 1978 [read the number in Romanian].
Eric: See? That sounds really hard.
Mihai: But it's not. Let's get to it, and at the end of the lesson you all will be very comfortable counting to one million!
VOCAB
Eric: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
Mihai: douăzeci [natural native speed]
Eric: twenty
Mihai: douăzeci [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: douăzeci [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Mihai: treizeci [natural native speed]
Eric: thirty
Mihai: treizeci [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: treizeci [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Mihai: patruzeci [natural native speed]
Eric: forty
Mihai: patruzeci [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: patruzeci [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Mihai: cincizeci [natural native speed]
Eric: fifty
Mihai: cincizeci [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: cincizeci [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Mihai: şaizeci [natural native speed]
Eric: sixty
Mihai: şaizeci [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: şaizeci [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Mihai: şaptezeci [natural native speed]
Eric: seventy
Mihai: şaptezeci [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: şaptezeci [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Mihai: optzeci [natural native speed]
Eric: eighty
Mihai: optzeci[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: optzeci [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Mihai: nouăzeci [natural native speed]
Eric: ninety
Mihai: nouăzeci [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: nouăzeci [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Mihai: o sută [natural native speed]
Eric: one hundred
Mihai: o sută [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: o sută [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Mihai: O mie [natural native speed]
Eric: one thousand
Mihai: O mie [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: O mie [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Mihai: zece mii [natural native speed]
Eric: ten thousand
Mihai: zece mii [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: zece mii [natural native speed]
Eric: And last..
Mihai: Un milion [natural native speed]
Eric: one million
Mihai: Un milion [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: Un milion [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let's take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Mihai: The first word we'll look at is douăzeci....
Eric: which means “twenty.”
Mihai: Yes, and after that we have douăzeci şi unu, which is "twenty-one."
Eric: Let's go over “twenty-one” again.
Mihai: Okay, so, remember we said that the general rule is to put the word si which means “and”right after twenty, then add one, two, three, and so on. Like this…"twenty-one" is douăzeci şi unu. Also, you should keep in mind that all numerals with the numbers 1 and 2 in them have feminine and masculine forms. So for “twenty-one”, we will also have douăzeci şi una which is feminine.
Eric: What about “twenty-two?”
Mihai: We will have douazeci si doi for masculine and douazeci si doua for feminine. But usually when we learn counting in Romanian, we learn the masculine forms first.
Eric: Yes, because there are fewer rules to remember. So for our listeners out there, our advice will be to learn the masculine forms first, then it will be easy to learn the feminine forms.
Mihai: Yes, as we said before, learning a new language takes time and patience.
Eric: Apart from the first ones that have masculine and feminine forms, counting the others is as easy as pie. "Twenty-three” will be
Mihai: Douăzeci şi trei
Eric: "Twenty-four”
Mihai: Douăzeci şi patru
Eric: “twenty- five”
Mihai: douăzeci şi cinci, “twenty-six” will be douăzeci şi sase, "twenty-seven" is douăzeci şi sapte
Eric: and then...
Mihai: douăzeci şi opt is “twenty-eight”, douăzeci şi nouă is “twenty-nine”, and this takes us to treizeci or "Thirty."
Eric: Now we're going to talk about thirty, forty, fifty, and so on, up to one hundred.
Mihai: Yes, and just like last time, we'll read those numbers out loud. And you’ll all repeat after me, in the pause between each word.
Eric: You heard Mihai! Let's go.
Mihai: (reads out loud with two sec gap). Douăzeci is “twenty”, treizeci is “thirty”, patruzeci is “forty”, cincizeci is “fifty”, şaizeci is “sixty”, şaptezeci is “seventy”, optzeci is “eighty”, and nouăzeci is “ninety”.
Eric: Great. And now if I wanted to say "thirty-three," what would that be Mihai?
Mihai: Well, just apply the rule we studied for the twenties and it is Treizeci şi trei!
Eric: Okay. What about..."fifty-seven?"
Mihai: Cincizeci şi şapte
Eric: sixty-one?
Mihai: Şaizeci şi unu masculine form, şaizeci şi una feminine form.
Eric: Yes we must not forgot this gender aspect that the numbers one and two have in Romanian language. And how about "eighty-eight?"
Mihai: Optzeci şi opt.
Eric: Okay, one more…"ninety-nine?"
Mihai: Nouăzeci şi nouă.

Lesson focus

Eric: Let's move on to one hundred.
Mihai: "One hundred" is o sută. Then to count hundreds up to one thousand, all you need is to put two, three, four, and so forth in front of sută, just like in English.
Eric: So it will be...
Mihai: două sute for "two hundred." Then trei sute, patru sute, cinci sute, şase sute, şapte sute, opt sute, and nouă sute.
Eric: I noticed that the number “hundred” in Romanian changed a little bit, and that you used the feminine forms of the number two. Can you explain that please?
Mihai: Of course! The word sută is treated like a noun and not as a numeral. Therefore, it changes its form to plural and because sută is feminine, we use the feminine forms O and două to count. We have o sută and două sute.
Eric: So in English it will literally be like this - one hundred, two hundreds.
Mihai: Sută means “hundred” and sute means “hundreds.”
Mihai: Now let's try to count in between the hundreds.
Eric: Do we have to use the same rules as in counting from twenty to ninety-nine?
Mihai: Pretty much. To count multiples of a hundred, we must put the numbers in front just like in English. So as we said before, “hundred” is sută, “One hundred” is O sută, “Two hundred” is două sute, “three hundred” is trei sute.
Eric: How about "one hundred and four?"
Mihai: We just say the numbers that we learned from one to ninety nine. It will be O sută patru.
Eric: That sounds simple!
Mihai: We're getting close to reading those long year numbers that scared you so much.
Eric: They sound so complicated! Let’s say "five hundred and ten."
Mihai: Cinci sute zece.
Eric: They're getting easier to guess.
Mihai: Exactly! Now, one more before we go into the thousands!
Eric: “Nine hundred ninety-nine.”
Mihai : Nouă sute nouăzeci şi nouă.
Eric: Is that the number, you would dial in an emergency in Romania?
Mihai: No, it’s a number much more simple than that. "One-one-two" the European standard.
Eric: How would you say that in Romanian?
Mihai: Unu unu doi. But because here we are learning long numbers - it would be o sută doisprezece.
Eric: Ok, now let’s say "Three hundred thirteen."
Mihai: Trei sute treisprezece.
Eric: Now, "seven hundred eighteen."
Mihai: Şapte sute optsprezece.
Eric: Seems like we’re ready to count more bottles of wine...or stars
Mihai: You really won’t forget about the stars will you?
Eric: How could I? I was running out of dating ideas and going to the planetarium is a good one actually.
Mihai: You owe me a beer for that...in a Romanian bar!
Eric: Deal!
Mihai: Now, after 1999, o mie becomes două mii. ‘Two thousand" is două mii, "three thousand" is trei mii, "four thousand" is patru mii...
Eric: It’s the same as for one hundred. Thousand is a feminine noun and changes to plural when counted.
Mihai: That’s right. Let’s continue cinci mii, şase mii, şapte mii, opt mii, nouă mii…easy!
Eric: How about "ten thousand," “nineteen thousand” "twenty thousand," "thirty thousand," "one hundred thousand," and "two hundred thousand?"
Mihai: These are Zece mii, nouăsprezece mii, douăzeci de mii, treizeci de mii, o sută de mii, and doua sute de mii respectively.
Eric: There is a new word that appeared here. Does that mean we have another rule?
Mihai: Yes. When the numeral that indicates the multiples of thousands and millions is bigger than 19, the preposition de which means “of”, is necessary to connect the multiple and the words mii or milioane.
Eric: So in English will literally sound like this - “nineteen of thousands”, “twenty of thousands”, “twenty and one of thousands”, “twenty and three of thousands”, and so on. After 19 the Romanian word for “of” must be said.
Mihai: That's it! That's all you need to know to count up to un milion, "one million." Let's try one of those year numbers again…1978 will be o mie nouă sute şaptezeci şi opt.
Eric: I have a much more difficult number for you. 37,659
Mihai: Treizeci şi şapte de mii şase sute cinci zeci şi nouă
Eric: That's quite a lot of bottles of wine...I feel dizzy just thinking about it.
Mihai: We definitely won’t need to go to a planetarium to see stars if we drink that much wine!.

Outro

Eric: That just about does it for this lesson.
Mihai: Ready to test what you just learned?
Eric: Make this lesson's vocabulary stick by using lesson specific flashcards .
Mihai: There is a reason everyone uses flashcards...
Eric: They work...
Mihai: They really do help memorization.
Eric: You can get the flashcards for this lesson at
Mihai: RomanianPod101.com.
Eric: Okay...
Eric: Thank you for listening, and we’ll see you in another series. Bye!
Mihai: Mulţumim. La revedere!

3 Comments

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RomanianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Hi Listeners! What's your favorite Romanian number?

RomanianPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 3:12 am
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Bună Tim,


Very good, keep up with the good work. And thank you for your kind feedback. :thumbsup:


Please, let us know if you have any questions.


Cheers!

Mika

Team RomanianPod101.com

Tim S
Tuesday at 9:58 am
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Multumesc pentru intrebare tau. Numar favorit mea este o suta și unu.

Thank you for your question. My favorite number is 101.