Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Dana: Hi everyone, and welcome back to RomanianPod101.com. This is Beginner Season 1 Lesson 10 - A Trip to the Romanian Countryside. Dana Here.
Mihai: Bună. I'm Mihai.
Dana: In this lesson, you’ll learn verbs to describe past events. The conversation takes place at a subway station.
Mihai: It's between Andreea and Masanobu.
Dana: The speakers are friends; therefore, they will speak informal Romanian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Andreea: Cum a fost la Brașov?
Masanobu: A fost frumos. Am vizitat multe muzee interesante.
Andreea: Ai urcat și pe munte?
Masanobu: Da, m-am plimbat prin jurul orașului și am urcat pe Muntele Tâmpa.
Andreea: Ai făcut poze?
Masanobu: Sigur, am făcut multe poze.
Andreea: Arată-mi și mie!
Masanobu: Sigur, îți arăt.
Dana: Listen to the conversation one more time, slowly.
Andreea: Cum a fost la Brașov?
Masanobu: A fost frumos. Am vizitat multe muzee interesante.
Andreea: Ai urcat și pe munte?
Masanobu: Da, m-am plimbat prin jurul orașului și am urcat pe Muntele Tâmpa.
Andreea: Ai făcut poze?
Masanobu: Sigur, am făcut multe poze.
Andreea: Arată-mi și mie!
Masanobu: Sigur, îți arăt.
Dana: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Andreea: How was Brașov?
Masanobu: It was nice. I visited many interesting museums.
Andreea: Did you also climb the mountains?
Masanobu: Yes, I took a walk around the town and climbed on Mount Tâmpa.
Andreea: Did you take pictures?
Masanobu: Sure, I took a lot.
Andreea: Show me!
Masanobu: Sure, I'll show you.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Dana: It sounds like Andreea had a good vacation. Where are popular tourist spots in Romania?
Mihai: The Transylvania region is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in Romania.
Dana: Why is that?
Mihai: Because there are well preserved historical sites like Sighisoara, the Bran Castle, Sibiu and Brasov.
Dana: Brasov is a city, right? It’s surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains.
Mihai: That’s right. One place I love is Peles Castle, which is in Sinaia, at the bottom of the Bucegi Mountains.
Dana: What’s so special about this castle?
Mihai: It was finished in 1883 and has 160 rooms, all decorated with the finest artwork from European artists.
Dana: It sounds beautiful. Do you have any other recommendations?
Mihai: Yeah, I recommend the Bucovina Monasteries. There are beautiful murals and frescoes on the walls.
Dana: It sounds like Romania has several places that are worth visiting.
Mihai: There are many things to see!
Dana: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Dana: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: a vizita [natural native speed]
Dana: to visit
Mihai: a vizita[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a vizita [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: muzeu [natural native speed]
Dana: museum
Mihai: muzeu[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: muzeu [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: a se plimba [natural native speed]
Dana: to walk
Mihai: a se plimba[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a se plimba [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: în jurul [natural native speed]
Dana: around
Mihai: în jurul[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: în jurul [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: poză [natural native speed]
Dana: picture
Mihai: poză[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: poză [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: a arăta [natural native speed]
Dana: to show
Mihai: a arăta[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a arăta [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: mie [natural native speed]
Dana: to me
Mihai: mie[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: mie [natural native speed]
Dana: And last..
Mihai: interesant [natural native speed]
Dana: interesting
Mihai: interesant[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: interesant [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Dana: Let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: Prin jurul orașului
Dana: Meaning "Around the town."
Mihai: This comes from the compound preposition prin jurul.
Dana: Which means “around.” It comes from the the articulated form of a neuter noun.
Mihai: Yeah, the noun is oraș, meaning “town.” The compound preposition is formed by the preposition prin, meaning “through.” And then there is the articulated form of the neuter noun jur
Dana: Which means “surrounding” or “place.”
Mihai: This can be used to talk about an area of town that isn’t strictly defined.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. M-am întâlnit cu el prin jurul orașului.
Dana: ..which means "I met him around the town."
Dana: Okay, what's the next word?
Mihai: Și mie
Dana: Meaning "Me (emphasized)."
Mihai: It is an expression formed from the modal adverb și "too" and the pronoun mie
Dana: Which means “me.” You use this phrase to emphasize a solicitation from the speaker on a specific action on the behalf of someone else.
Mihai: It can also be used for other personal nouns.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. Zi-mi și mie cum să fac asta.
Dana: .. which means "Tell me how to do this."
Dana: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Dana: In this lesson, you'll learn verbs to describe past events.
Dana: What past tense is most used in Romanian?
Mihai: It is the simple past, or perfectul compus. It is the only compound past tense.
Dana: The other past tenses form without the need of other verbs.
Mihai: The pattern for creating the simple past is; the auxiliary verb a avea
Dana: Meaning “to have.”
Mihai: Followed by a participle. The participles don’t adjust depending on number or gender, in this case.
Dana: When do we use this tense?
Mihai: When talking about an event that finished before the time of speaking.
Dana: You can also use it to talk about an event that finishes before another event, even if that event is in the future.
Mihai: For example Săptămâna viitoare vom fi fericiți că am terminat cu acest examen
Dana: “Next week we will be happy that we finished this exam.”
Mihai: It is frequently accompanied by adverbial structures such as acum
Dana: “ago”
Mihai: and înainte cu..
Dana: “before,” as well as others. In the lesson notes there are many examples of verbs conjugated to the simple past tense. We’ll concentrate on sentence examples here, though.
Mihai: Right. Ați mers și la cabana din vârful muntelui?
Dana: “Did you go to the cottage on top of the mountain too?”
Mihai: Au fost veseli tot timpul petrecerii.
Dana: “They were cheerful the whole party.”
Mihai: M-am simțit bine la voi acasă.
Dana: “I felt good at your place.”
Mihai: Mi-am văzut ochelarii pe masă.
Dana: “I saw my glasses on the table.”

Outro

Dana: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Mihai: La revedere.

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Have you ever visited Brașov or any other cities in Romania?