Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Dana: Hi everyone, and welcome back to RomanianPod101.com. This is Beginner Season 1 Lesson 14 - Talking About Your Relationship Status in Romanian. Dana Here.
Mihai: Bună. I'm Mihai.
Dana: In this lesson, you’ll learn about adverbs of time. The conversation takes place at a bar.
Mihai: It's between Mihai and Masanobu.
Dana: The speakers are friends; therefore, they will speak informal Romanian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Mihai: Tu ai prietenă?
Masanobu: Da, am. De ce?
Mihai: Doar de curiozitate. De când sunteți împreună?
Masanobu: De 2 (doi) ani. Tu?
Mihai: Eu nu am, dar în ultima vreme îmi doresc să am una.
Masanobu: Și ce gen de fete îți plac?
Mihai: Nu am un gen anume, dar vreau să avem hobby-uri comune.
Masanobu: Foarte bine. Sigur vei găsi.
Dana: Listen to the conversation one more time, slowly.
Mihai: Tu ai prietenă?
Masanobu: Da, am. De ce?
Mihai: Doar de curiozitate. De când sunteți împreună?
Masanobu: De 2 (doi) ani. Tu?
Mihai: Eu nu am, dar în ultima vreme îmi doresc să am una.
Masanobu: Și ce gen de fete îți plac?
Mihai: Nu am un gen anume, dar vreau să avem hobby-uri comune.
Masanobu: Foarte bine. Sigur vei găsi.
Dana: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Mihai: Do you have a girlfriend?
Masanobu: Yes, I do. Why?
Mihai: Just out of curiosity. For how long have you been together?
Masanobu: For 2 years. You?
Mihai: I don't have one, but lately I wish I did.
Masanobu: And what type of girls do you like?
Mihai: I don't have a certain type, but I want us to have common hobbies.
Masanobu: Very well. I'm sure you’ll find one.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Dana: Some people would consider the questions in this conversation to be a little personal.
Mihai: I guess you could say that.
Dana: How do Romanians respond to personal questions?
Mihai: Romanians are usually friendly and welcoming, but they can be reserved with personal information.
Dana: So you shouldn’t ask personal questions?
Mihai: Once a Romanian person gets to know you and builds trust with you, they’ll be more open.
Dana: Are there certain circumstances where personal questions are definitely frowned upon?
Mihai: You shouldn’t ask them when in a business situation.
Dana: Don’t mix business and personal details, right?
Mihai: Right. But over food and drinks, it’s fine.
Dana: So you won’t get asked many questions when you go to Romania?
Mihai: Ah, Romanians are interested in foreigners, so you’ll probably get many questions!
Dana: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Dana: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: prietenă [natural native speed]
Dana: girlfriend
Mihai: prietenă[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: prietenă [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: de [natural native speed]
Dana: of
Mihai: de[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: de [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: curiozitate [natural native speed]
Dana: curiosity
Mihai: curiozitate[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: curiozitate [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: de când [natural native speed]
Dana: since when
Mihai: de când[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: de când [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: ultim [natural native speed]
Dana: last
Mihai: ultim[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: ultim [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: în ultima vreme [natural native speed]
Dana: lately
Mihai: în ultima vreme[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: în ultima vreme [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: gen [natural native speed]
Dana: type
Mihai: gen[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: gen [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: sigur [natural native speed]
Dana: sure
Mihai: sigur[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: sigur [natural native speed]
Dana: And lastly..
Mihai: a găsi [natural native speed]
Dana: to find
Mihai: a găsi[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a găsi [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Dana: Let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: de curiozitate
Dana: Meaning "out of curiosity."
Dana: This is a compound adverb of modality.
Mihai: It’s formed from the preposition de, meaning "of," and curiozitate, a feminine noun in the singular form.
Dana: This noun means “curiosity.” The phrase translates literally to “of curiosity.”
Mihai: It’s used to express the reason behind an action; specifically, of being curious about an action.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this word?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. De curiozitate, cât este ceasul acum?
Dana: ..which means "Out of curiosity, what time is it now?"
Dana: Okay, what's the next word?
Mihai: în ultima vreme
Dana: Meaning "lately."
Dana: This is a compound adverb of place.
Mihai: First is the preposition în, meaning "in," next is the feminine singular form of ultim, meaning "last,” and finally the feminine noun vreme.
Dana: This noun means “time,” in its singular form. So it translates literally to “in the last time,” but we interpret it as “lately.”
Mihai: You use it to describe a period of time that is close to the moment of speaking.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this word?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. În ultima vreme adorm mai greu.
Dana: .. which means "Lately, I have difficulties falling asleep."
Dana: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Dana: In this lesson, you'll learn about adverbs of time.
Dana: What can you tell us about Romanian adverbs of time?
Mihai: They can be simple, with a single element like acum,
Dana: Which means “now,” or they can be compound, with multiple elements.
Mihai: For example, de curând.
Dana: Which means “recently.” They can also be adverbial structures.
Mihai: Such as an de an.
Dana: “Every year.” There are long lists of more compound and adverbial structures in the lesson notes. For now, let’s hear some sentence examples.
Mihai: Pentru cât timp vei rămâne în Japonia la studii?
Dana: “For how long will you stay in Japan to study?”
Mihai: A fost multă gălăgie în fața casei azi-noapte.
Dana: “There was a lot of noise in front of the house last night.” Mihai, can you tell us a couple common adverbs of time?
Mihai: Sure, astăzi means “today”. Ce poţi face astăzi, nu lăsa pe mâine!
Dana: “What you can do today, do not postpone for tomorrow!” That’s a Romanian proverb.
Mihai: It is! It also used mâine, which means “tomorrow.”
Dana: How do you say “never?”
Mihai: niciodată. For example, Niciodată nu ne-am simțit așa de bine!
Dana: “We never felt so good!” Next, let’s look at the conjunction “and.”
Mihai: This is și. It is a simple conjunction, with a copulative function.
Dana: It can connect two sentences. Let’s hear it in action.
Mihai: Am fost la mare și apoi am mers la munte.
Dana: “We went to the sea and then we went to the mountains.”
Mihai: Vii la mine și îmi spui că s-a terminat?
Dana: “Are you coming to me and telling me it is over?”

Outro

Dana: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Mihai: La revedere.

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