Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Dana: Hi everyone, and welcome back to RomanianPod101.com This is Beginner Season 1 Lesson 20 - Doing the Math in Romania. Dana Here.
Mihai: Bună. I'm Mihai.
Dana: In this lesson, you’ll learn some basic math expressions. The conversation takes place at a bar.
Mihai: It's between Mihai and Masanobu.
Dana: The speakers are friends; therefore, they will speak informal Romanian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Mihai: Masanobu, am nevoie de ajutorul tău.
Masanobu: Sigur, ce este?
Mihai: Spune-mi cât fac 2+2 (doi plus doi).
Masanobu: Poftim? Glumești?
Mihai: Nu, nu, am auzit de curând că uneori rezultatul este 5 (cinci).
Masanobu: Aa, cunosc povestea. Dar în 99% (nouă zeci și nouă la sută) din cazuri rezultatul este 4 (patru).
Mihai: Ce bine!
Dana: Listen to the conversation one more time slowly.
Mihai: Masanobu, am nevoie de ajutorul tău.
Masanobu: Sigur, ce este?
Mihai: Spune-mi cât fac 2+2 (doi plus doi).
Masanobu: Poftim? Glumești?
Mihai: Nu, nu, am auzit de curând că uneori rezultatul este 5 (cinci).
Masanobu: Aa, cunosc povestea. Dar în 99% (nouă zeci și nouă la sută) din cazuri rezultatul este 4 (patru).
Mihai: Ce bine!
Dana: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Mihai: Masanobu, I need your help.
Masanobu: Sure, what is it?
Mihai: Tell me how much is 2+2.
Masanobu: What? Are you joking?
Mihai: No, no, I recently heard that sometimes the result is 5.
Masanobu: Oh, I know the story. But in 99% of the cases, the result is 4.
Mihai: Good!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Dana: For a second there I thought we were teaching beginners math!
Mihai: Me too! There are many clever people working in the field of research in Romania, though.
Dana: Is it a well supported field?
Mihai: Unfortunately it’s not considered a priority by government and local leaders.
Dana: That’s a shame. Romania is in the EU now though, and I know that there is support for researchers and scientists from the EU.
Mihai: That’s right. In fact, many researchers in Romania have applied for grants from the EU so they can do their research.
Dana: That’s a good idea, I think.
Mihai: There’s a lot of talent in Romania, and many high school and college students have won awards at international competitions for their work.
Dana: What about the arts in Romania? Are arts and humanities supported any better?
Mihai: They get less attention than technological topics.
Dana: What do Romanians that are interested in these topics do?
Mihai: They often go and study abroad.
Dana: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Dana: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: a avea nevoie [natural native speed]
Dana: to need
Mihai: a avea nevoie[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a avea nevoie [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: tău [natural native speed]
Dana: your
Mihai: tău[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: tău [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: plus [natural native speed]
Dana: plus
Mihai: plus[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: plus [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: Poftim? [natural native speed]
Dana: What?
Mihai: Poftim?[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: Poftim? [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: a glumi [natural native speed]
Dana: to joke
Mihai: a glumi[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a glumi [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: de curând [natural native speed]
Dana: recently
Mihai: de curând[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: de curând [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: uneori [natural native speed]
Dana: sometimes
Mihai: uneori[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: uneori [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: poveste [natural native speed]
Dana: story
Mihai: poveste[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: poveste [natural native speed]
Dana: And lastly..
Mihai: rezultat [natural native speed]
Dana: result
Mihai: rezultat[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: rezultat [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Dana: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: Glumești?
Dana: Meaning "Are you kidding?"
Dana: This is an interrogative sentence.
Mihai: Yes, it’s made from the interrogative form of the verb a glumi.
Dana: This means “to joke.” In this case, it’s in the second person singular form and literally means “are you joking?”
Mihai: You can use it when you are surprised about what someone is saying to you.
Dana: You can also use it for more negative situations, such as offense.
Mihai: In more formal situations, the second person plural form is used - Glumiți?
Dana: Can you give us an example using this word?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. Glumești când zici că s-a stricat mașina?
Dana: ..which means "Are you kidding when you say the car was broken?"
Dana: Okay, what's the next word?
Mihai: Ce este?
Dana: Meaning "What is it?"
Dana: This is a common interrogative expression.
Mihai: It’s made from the relative pronoun ce, meaning “what,” and the verb a fi in simple present tense, third person singular form.
Dana: That verb means “to be.” It literally translates as “What is it?”
Mihai: You can use this to ask someone what is happening, or what they want from you.
Dana: Is there a more formal way to say this?
Mihai: Yes - Despre ce este vorba? meaning "What is it about?"
Dana: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. Ce este? Ce s-a întâmplat cu tine, Mihai?
Dana: .. which means "What is it? What is the matter with you, Mihai?"
Dana: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Dana: In this lesson, you'll learn about basic math expressions.
Dana: Let’s start with the most basic - addition and subtraction.
Mihai: “Addition” is adunarea, and “subtraction” is scăderea.
Dana: What about the verb versions? What is “to add?”
Mihai: a aduna
Dana: And “to subtract?”
Mihai: a scădea. All of the conjugations are in the lesson notes.
Dana: Now, what about the mathematical signs? How do we say “plus” and “minus?”
Mihai: plus, minus
Dana: And finally, how about “equals?”
Mihai: egal
Dana: Now that we know the basic words, we can hear a basic equation.
Mihai: Doi plus doi egal patru.
Dana: “Two plus two equals four.”
Mihai: Zece minus unu plus doi egal unsprezece.
Dana: “Ten minus one plus two equals eleven.” Next, let’s look at multiplication.
Mihai: “Multiplication” is înmulțire. When talking about a multiplication operation in Romanian, we use the adverb ori.
Dana: “Times”
Mihai: or the participle de/înmulțit
Dana: That means “multiplied” in singular masculine form. This form is always the one used.
Mihai: And then there is the preposition cu
Dana: “With.” Let’s hear an example of each method.
Mihai: Trei ori trei egal nouă.
Dana: “Three times three equals nine.”
Mihai: Trei (de)înmulțit cu trei fac nouă.
Dana: “Three multiplied by three is nine.” Finally, is division.
Mihai: “Division” is împărțire, and împărțit la means...
Dana: “divided by.” We’ve already heard the other components of the equation, so let’s jump right into some examples.
Mihai: Doisprezece împărţit la doi egal şase.
Dana: “Twelve divided by two equals six.”
Mihai: Trei împărțit la trei egal unu.
Dana: “Three divided by three equals one.”

Outro

Dana: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Mihai: La revedere.

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