Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Dana: Hi everyone, and welcome back to RomanianPod101.com This is Beginner Season 1 Lesson 21 - Which Way are the Baked Goods in Romania? Dana Here.
Mihai: Bună. I'm Mihai.
Dana: In this lesson, you’ll learn about giving directions. The conversation takes place downtown.
Mihai: It's between Mihai and a man on the street.
Dana: The speakers are strangers; therefore, they will speak formal Romanian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Mihai: Nu vă supărați, este vreo brutărie în apropiere?
Om de pe stradă: Da. Este una aproape.
Mihai: Și cum pot ajunge acolo?
Om de pe stradă: Luați-o prima la stânga la semafor, mergeți drept înainte și este pe dreapta.
Mihai: Este departe?
Om de pe stradă: Nu, nu este departe.
Mihai: Vă mulțumesc mult.
Om de pe stradă: Nu aveți pentru ce.
Dana: Listen to the conversation one more time slowly.
Mihai: Nu vă supărați, este vreo brutărie în apropiere?
Om de pe stradă: Da. Este una aproape.
Mihai: Și cum pot ajunge acolo?
Om de pe stradă: Luați-o prima la stânga la semafor, mergeți drept înainte și este pe dreapta.
Mihai: Este departe?
Om de pe stradă: Nu, nu este departe.
Mihai: Vă mulțumesc mult.
Om de pe stradă: Nu aveți pentru ce.
Dana: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Mihai: Excuse me. Is there a bakery nearby?
Man on the street: Yes. There's one nearby.
Mihai: And how can I get there?
Man on the street: Take the first left at the traffic light, go straight ahead, then it's on the right.
Mihai: Is it far?
Man on the street: No, it's not far.
Mihai: Thank you so much.
Man on the street: Don't mention it.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Dana: It can be a little nerve wracking to ask a random person on the street for help, but that seemed pretty painless.
Mihai: Romanians are very hospitable and friendly, especially with foreigners.
Dana: So it’s easy to make friends?
Mihai: Actually making friends is a bit more difficult, as people need to warm up to you and give you their trust first. But when they do, you’ll be treated like family.
Dana: But if you do need help, you’ll be able to find it?
Mihai: Usually. If it’s something big, ask someone you’re friends with instead of a stranger. When you do ask, keep your words simple and precise.
Dana: That’s good advice. Is it the same all over the country?
Mihai: In Bucharest, people are often busier, so if you ask for directions, for example, you might not get an answer.
Dana: But outside of Bucharest it’s different?
Mihai: Yes, people will take time to talk to you, and may even offer recommendations.
Dana: Is there anything that we should avoid doing?
Mihai: Don’t break people’s trust, and make sure that you listen to the advice they give you!
Dana: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Dana: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: vreo [natural native speed]
Dana: any
Mihai: vreo[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: vreo [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: brutărie [natural native speed]
Dana: bakery
Mihai: brutărie[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: brutărie [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: în apropiere [natural native speed]
Dana: nearby
Mihai: în apropiere[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: în apropiere [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: a ajunge (undeva) [natural native speed]
Dana: to get (somewhere)
Mihai: a ajunge (undeva)[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a ajunge (undeva) [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: acolo [natural native speed]
Dana: there
Mihai: acolo[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: acolo [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: semafor [natural native speed]
Dana: traffic light
Mihai: semafor[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: semafor [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: la stânga [natural native speed]
Dana: to the left
Mihai: la stânga[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: la stânga [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: pe dreapta [natural native speed]
Dana: on the right
Mihai: pe dreapta[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: pe dreapta [natural native speed]
Dana: And lastly..
Mihai: nu aveți pentru ce [natural native speed]
Dana: don't mention it
Mihai: nu aveți pentru ce[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: nu aveți pentru ce [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Dana: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: Nu vă supărați,
Dana: Meaning "Excuse me."
Dana: This is a colloquial expression.
Mihai: It has the negative reflexive form of the verb a (se) supăra.
Dana: Meaning “to get upset.” It’s in the imperative form for the second person in plural form. It can mean “do not get upset.”
Mihai: A more literal translation is “excuse me.” You use this to introduce a request politely.
Dana: Is there a more informal version?
Mihai: You can say, nu te supăra.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. Nu vă supărați, cum pot ajunge la Gara de Nord?
Dana: ..which means "Excuse me, how can I get to the North Station?"
Dana: Okay, what's the next phrase?
Mihai: Nu aveți pentru ce
Dana: Meaning "Don't mention it."
Mihai: This expression is made from the verb a avea.
Dana: Which means “to have.” It’s in the negative form for the second person in plural.
Mihai: Then is the preposition pentru, meaning “for,” and the relative pronoun ce.
Dana: This means “what.” The literal translation of the sentence is “you do not have for what.” Or “don’t mention it.”
Mihai: This is used to give a polite and humble reply to someone that is thanking you for something you did for him or her.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this word?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. Nu aveți pentru ce. Eu doar mi-am făcut datoria.
Dana: .. which means "Don't mention it. I only did my duty."
Dana: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Dana: In this lesson, you'll learn about giving directions.
Dana: Let’s start by learning how to say “how can I…?”
Mihai: We say cum pot…. Cum is the modal adverb “how,” and pot is the modal verb “can.”
Dana: We don’t need a word for “I” in this sentence.
Mihai: This phrase is only used in interrogative sentences and is followed by an infinitive verb to ask for information, or a conjunctive verb.
Dana: Let’s hear some examples.
Mihai: Cum pot ajunge în piața din centrul orașului?
Dana: “How can I get to the market in the center of the city?”
Mihai: Cum pot să trec dincolo de acest pod?
Dana: “How can I go beyond this bridge?” When someone answers you, it might be the case that they have to give you more than one instruction.
Mihai: This can be done using după ce.
Dana: This means “after,” and we can use it to say that A should be done after B
Mihai: Yes, for example, După ce treci de cofetărie, virează la dreapta.
Dana: “After you pass the bakery, turn right.” As well as directions, it can be used for instructions too.
Mihai: După ce termini de amestecat supa, adaugă o linguriță de sare.
Dana: “After you finish mixing the soup, add a tablespoon of salt.” And also for giving advice.
Mihai: După ce înveți să te dai cu skateboard-ul, o să poți face și scheme.
Dana: “After you learn how to ride the skateboard, you will do tricks as well.”
Mihai: We use după ce, then a present tense verb and then an infinitive verb.
Dana: When giving directions using verbs, the imperative voice is usually used.
Mihai: It can be used in the affirmative form, such as Întoarce la prima intersecție.
Dana: “Turn at the first intersection.”
Mihai: And also the negative form. For example, Nu vira la dreapta aici!
Dana: “Don’t turn right here!”
Mihai: You can prevent the sentences from sounding too direct by using phrases such as ai putea să...
Dana: “you could…”
Mihai: e o idee bună să
Dana: “It is a good idea to...” Let’s hear a full sentence example.
Mihai: Cred că trebuie să coborâm la următoarea stație.
Dana: “I think we should get off at the next station.”

Outro

Dana: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Mihai: La revedere.

1 Comment

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

RomanianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

How do you approach a person when asking for help in your country?