Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Dana: Hi everyone, and welcome back to RomanianPod101.com, This is Beginner Season 1 Lesson 8 - Talking About Your Daily Routine in Romanian. Dana Here.
Mihai: Bună. I'm Mihai.
Dana: In this lesson, you’ll learn about modal verbs for expressing ability. The conversation takes place downtown.
Mihai: It's between Masanobu and Andreea.
Dana: The speakers are friends; therefore, they will speak informal Romanian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Masanobu: Ce faci de obicei sâmbăta?
Andreea: De obicei, dimineața fac cumpărături, iar după-amiaza fac sport.
Masanobu: Ce sport faci?
Andreea: Dacă este timp frumos, joc tenis, dar dacă plouă, stau acasă.
Masanobu: Foarte frumos, și mie îmi place tenisul.
Andreea: Haide să jucăm împreună weekend-ul viitor.
Masanobu: Sigur, poți să mă suni miercuri? Stabilim la ce oră să mergem.
Dana: Listen to the conversation one more time, slowly.
Masanobu: Ce faci de obicei sâmbăta?
Andreea: De obicei, dimineața fac cumpărături, iar după-amiaza fac sport.
Masanobu: Ce sport faci?
Andreea: Dacă este timp frumos, joc tenis, dar dacă plouă, stau acasă.
Masanobu: Foarte frumos, și mie îmi place tenisul.
Andreea: Haide să jucăm împreună weekend-ul viitor.
Masanobu: Sigur, poți să mă suni miercuri? Stabilim la ce oră să mergem.
Dana: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Masanobu: What do you usually do on Saturdays?
Andreea: I usually shop in the morning and in the afternoon I play sports.
Masanobu: What sports do you play?
Andreea: If the weather’s nice, I like playing tennis, but if it rains, I stay at home.
Masanobu: Very nice, I like tennis too.
Andreea: Let's play together next weekend.
Masanobu: Sure, can you call me on Wednesday? We'll decide what time to go.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Dana: Are Romanians hospitable?
Mihai: Yes, we are. Customs differ from region to region, but Romanians will invite you into their homes and provide you with food and drink.
Dana: Are gifts important?
Mihai: Yes. If you’re invited to someone’s home, gifts of alcohol and flowers are welcomed. But, make sure the flowers are in odd numbers.
Dana: Why only odd numbers?
Mihai: Even numbers are reserved for funerals.
Dana: Are gifts given on occasions like birthdays and Christmas, too?
Mihai: Yes and yes! Also on name days, New Year’s, Easter, Woman’s Day, Couple’s Day, Dragobete, and weddings.
Dana: Wow, that’s a lot of days to give gifts! What kind of gifts should you give?
Mihai: A gift that’s symbolic, unexpected, or creative is highly appreciated.
Dana: Do you have to spend much on these gifts?
Mihai: About 15 euros is a good amount.
Dana: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Dana: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: sâmbătă [natural native speed]
Dana: Saturday
Mihai: sâmbătă[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: sâmbătă [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: dimineața [natural native speed]
Dana: in the morning
Mihai: dimineața[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: dimineața [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: cumpărături [natural native speed]
Dana: shopping
Mihai: cumpărături[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: cumpărături [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: sport [natural native speed]
Dana: sport
Mihai: sport[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: sport [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: tenis [natural native speed]
Dana: tennis
Mihai: tenis[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: tenis [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: a juca [natural native speed]
Dana: to play
Mihai: a juca[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a juca [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: împreună [natural native speed]
Dana: together
Mihai: împreună[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: împreună [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: miercuri [natural native speed]
Dana: Wednesday
Mihai: miercuri[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: miercuri [natural native speed]
Dana: And lastly..
Mihai: frumos [natural native speed]
Dana: beautiful
Mihai: frumos[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: frumos [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Dana: Let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Mihai: Foarte frumos!
Dana: Meaning "Very nice!"
Dana: This is an exclamatory expression.
Mihai: It comes from the morpheme foarte.
Dana: Which means “very.”
Mihai: And the adjective frumos.
Dana: This is "beautiful" in singular masculine form
Mihai: This shows a great appreciation from the speaker.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. Joci tenis? Foarte frumos!
Dana: ..which means "You play tennis? Very nice!"
Dana: Okay, what's the next word?
Mihai: a juca împreună
Dana: Meaning "to play together"
Mihai: This is an expression formed from the verb a juca.
Dana: This means "to play."
Mihai: And the modal adverb împreună
Dana: This means "together." It translates literally to "to play together."
Mihai: You can use this to express the action of playing a game with someone.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. Vrei să jucăm baschet împreună mâine seară?
Dana: .. which means "Do you want to play basketball together tomorrow night?"
Dana: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Dana: In this lesson, you'll learn about modal verbs to express ability.
Dana: First, we’ll look at “to be able to/ can.”
Mihai: This is a putea and is the most common modal verb used in Romanian to express ability.
Dana: Let’s check a couple of conjugations for this modal verb. First, how do we say “I can,” “I am able to.”
Mihai: eu pot
Dana: How about “we can,” “we are able to.”
Mihai: noi putem
Dana: Let’s check some past tense ones. “I could,” “I was able to.”
Mihai: eu am putut
Dana: And “we could,” “we were able to.”
Mihai: noi am putut. There are many more examples in the lesson notes.
Dana: How do we use this verb? Let’s hear some examples.
Mihai: Dan poate înțelege româna, însă nu poate vorbi foarte bine.
Dana: “Dan can understand Romanian, but he cannot speak very well.”
Mihai: Ați putea să vorbiți mai încet, vă rog?
Dana: “Can you please lower your voice?”
Mihai: Aș putea să vă ajut?
Dana: “Can I help you?”
Mihai: Acest lucru nu se poate întâmpla.
Dana: “This thing cannot happen.”
Mihai: Ai putea să te rătăcești singur pe munți.
Dana: “You could get lost alone in the mountains.” Can we use these conjugations in formal or polite situations?
Mihai: In those cases, we use the interrogative form in the plural second person.
Dana: Let’s end the lesson with an example of this.
Mihai: Puteți să mă sunați mâine?
Dana: “Can you call me tomorrow?” To make it more polite, you can use the conditional-optative tense.
Mihai: For example, Ați putea să mă sunați mâine?
Dana: “Could you call me tomorrow?“

Outro

Dana: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Mihai: La revedere.

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