Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Dana: Hi everyone, and welcome back to RomanianPod101.com. This is Beginner Season 1 Lesson 13 - Going on an Overseas Trip from Romania. Dana Here.
Mihai: Bună. I'm Mihai.
Dana: In this lesson, you’ll learn about describing future events with verbs. The conversation takes place at a hotel lobby.
Mihai: It's between Masanobu and Andreea.
Dana: The speakers are friends; therefore, they will speak informal Romanian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Masanobu: Bine ai venit în Japonia, Andreea!
Andreea: Mulțumesc! Sunt atât de încântată! Care sunt planurile?
Masanobu: Mai întâi îți voi arăta centrul orașului, apoi vom merge la mare.
Andreea: Ce frumos. Apoi?
Masanobu: Apoi, a doua zi mergem pe muntele Fuji.
Masanobu: În a 3-a (treia) și a 4-a (patra) zi vom merge să vedem florile de cireș sakura.
Andreea: De abia aștept!
Masanobu: Sper că va fi o excursie plăcută pentru tine.
Dana: Listen to the conversation one more time, slowly.
Masanobu: Bine ai venit în Japonia, Andreea!
Andreea: Mulțumesc! Sunt atât de încântată! Care sunt planurile?
Masanobu: Mai întâi îți voi arăta centrul orașului, apoi vom merge la mare.
Andreea: Ce frumos. Apoi?
Masanobu: Apoi, a doua zi mergem pe muntele Fuji.
Masanobu: În a 3-a (treia) și a 4-a (patra) zi vom merge să vedem florile de cireș sakura.
Andreea: De abia aștept!
Masanobu: Sper că va fi o excursie plăcută pentru tine.
Dana: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Masanobu: Welcome to Japan, Andreea!
Andreea: Thank you! I’m so excited! What are the plans?
Masanobu: First, I’ll show you the center of the city, then we will go to the seaside.
Andreea: So nice! Then?
Masanobu: Then, on the second day, we will go to Mount Fuji.
Masanobu: On the 3rd and 4th day, we’ll go see the cherry blossoms.
Andreea: I can't wait!
Masanobu: I hope it will be a great trip for you.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Dana: Do many Romanians travel abroad?
Mihai: Since 1989, when Romania revoluted against communism, Romanians have discovered the joy of traveling.
Dana: So the number of people who travel has increased?
Mihai: Right. Romanians usually travel once a year, during a break from work.
Dana: What are popular travel destinations for Romanians?
Mihai: Places like Bulgaria, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Hungary, Austria, UK, Germany and France.
Dana: Do people travel for work purposes much?
Mihai: Yeah, that has increased too. Sometimes people are sent to headquarters abroad.
Dana: I’ve heard that many Romanians have started to live abroad now, too.
Mihai: That’s right. There’s about 3.4 million Romanians living abroad.
Dana: So you can encounter Romanians anywhere?
Mihai: Yeah, you can!
Dana: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Dana: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: a veni [natural native speed]
Dana: to come
Mihai: a veni[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a veni [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: încântat [natural native speed]
Dana: excited
Mihai: încântat[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: încântat [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: plan [natural native speed]
Dana: plan
Mihai: plan[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: plan [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: întâi [natural native speed]
Dana: first
Mihai: întâi[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: întâi [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: mare [natural native speed]
Dana: sea
Mihai: mare[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: mare [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: munte [natural native speed]
Dana: mountain
Mihai: munte[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: munte [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: floare [natural native speed]
Dana: flower
Mihai: floare[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: floare [natural native speed]
Dana: Next we have..
Mihai: cireș [natural native speed]
Dana: cherry tree
Mihai: cireș[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: cireș [natural native speed]
Dana: And lastly..
Mihai: a spera [natural native speed]
Dana: to hope
Mihai: a spera[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mihai: a spera [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Dana: Let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Mihai: Bine ai venit!
Dana: Meaning "Welcome!"
Dana: This is an imperative sentence.
Mihai: It’s formed from the positive form of bine.
Dana: Meaning “well.”
Mihai: And the second person singular of the verb a veni
Dana: Which means “to come.” So altogether, it translates literally to “well, you came.”
Mihai: Bine ai venit! is the most common expression to welcome someone visiting you.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. Bine ai venit în grădina mea!
Dana: ..which means "Welcome to my garden!"
Dana: Okay, what's the next word?
Mihai: Sper că...
Dana: Meaning "I hope that..."
Mihai: This is formed from the verb a spera, "to hope," and the conjunction că.
Dana: Meaning “that.” So, the phrase translates literally to “I hope that.”
Mihai: You can use it to talk about your expectations towards certain situations.
Dana: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mihai: Sure. For example, you can say.. Sper că prindem trenul.
Dana: .. which means "I hope we catch the train."
Dana: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Dana: In this lesson, you'll learn about describing future events using verbs.
Dana: We use the future tense to talk about actions that will happen later. How do we use the future tense in Romanian?
Mihai: There are several ways. The most common is called the literary future, which uses the auxiliary verb a voi.
Dana: This means “will.” You use that with the infinitive of the verb to conjugate.
Mihai: For example, Eu voi pleca la munte.
Dana: “I will go to the mountains.” What are the other ways of expressing the future?
Mihai: You can use o plus the conjunctive of the verb to conjugate. For example, O să merg la mare.
Dana: “I will go to the seaside.” You can also use the indicative present of “to have” plus the conjunctive of the verb to conjugate.
Mihai: “To have” is a avea. An example is Am să merg mâine cu tine.
Dana: “I will go tomorrow with you.” Another way is the verb “to follow” in the third person indicative present, plus the conjunctive of the verb to conjugate
Mihai: “To follow” is a urma. An example is Urmează să meargă în Japonia în curând.”
Dana: “He is going to go to Japan soon.” Now, how do we make the simple future tense.
Mihai: You use the auxiliary verb a voi, meaning “will” plus the infinitive of the verb to conjugate.
Dana: Let’s hear some example sentences.
Mihai: Când veți ajunge la muntele Fuji, să faceți o poză și pentru noi.
Dana: “When you get to Mount Fuji, take a picture for us too.”
Mihai: Cred că vom avea mai mult timp de povești dacă plecăm cu avionul de 9.
Dana: “I think we will have more time to chat if we leave on the 9 o’clock airplane.”
Mihai: Vă vom aștepta în gară la Brașov.
Dana: “We will wait for you at the central station in Brasov.”
Mihai: We can use verbs of frequency in the simple future tense to add extra connotation to the sentences.
Dana: For example, they can express certainty.
Mihai: Such as Sigur va ploua.
Dana: “It will surely rain.” Or doubt, when asking a question.
Mihai: Veți ajunge la timp pentru concert?
Dana: “Will you arrive in time for the concert?”

Outro

Dana: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Mihai: La revedere.

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